PHP操作Excel – PHPExcel 基本用法详解

1.header

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header("Content-Type:application/vnd.ms-excel");  
header("Content-Disposition:attachment;filename=sample.xls");  
header("Pragma:no-cache");  
header("Expires:0");  
2.PHPExcel

http://www.codeplex.com/PHPExcel
http://www.phpexcel.net
开发包Tests目录有详细使用实例  支持中文,注意文件编码   文件保存为utf-8
写excel

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//Include class  
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel.php');  
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php');  
$objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();  
  
//Set properties 设置文件属性  
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Maarten Balliauw");  
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy("Maarten Balliauw");  
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");  
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");  
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.");  
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml php");  
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory("Test result file");  
  
//Add some data 添加数据  
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A1', 'Hello');//可以指定位置  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A2', true);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A3', false);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B2', 'world!');  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B3', 2);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C1', 'Hello');  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('D2', 'world!');  
  
//循环  
for($i = 1;$i<200;$i++) {  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A' . $i, $i);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B' . $i, 'Test value');  
}  
  
//日期格式化  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('D1', time());  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D1')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_DATE_YYYYMMDDSLASH);  
  
//Add comment 添加注释  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E11')->setAuthor('PHPExcel');  
$objCommentRichText = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E11')->getText()->createTextRun('PHPExcel:');  
$objCommentRichText->getFont()->setBold(true);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E11')->getText()->createTextRun("\r\n");  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getComment('E11')->getText()->createTextRun('Total amount on the current invoice, excluding VAT.');  
  
//Add rich-text string 添加文字 可设置样式  
$objRichText = new PHPExcel_RichText( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('A18') );  
$objRichText->createText('This invoice is ');  
$objPayable = $objRichText->createTextRun('payable within thirty days after the end of the month');  
$objPayable->getFont()->setBold(true);  
$objPayable->getFont()->setItalic(true);  
$objPayable->getFont()->setColor( new PHPExcel_Style_Color( PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_DARKGREEN ) );  
$objRichText->createText(', unless specified otherwise on the invoice.');  
  
//Merge cells 合并分离单元格  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18:E22');  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells('A18:E22');  
  
//Protect cells 保护单元格  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true);//Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection!  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells('A3:E13', 'PHPExcel');  
  
//Set cell number formats 数字格式化  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4'), 'E5:E13' );  
  
//Set column widths 设置列宽度  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('B')->setAutoSize(true);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12);  
  
//Set fonts 设置字体  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setName('Candara');  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setSize(20);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setBold(true);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font::UNDERLINE_SINGLE);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);  
  
//Set alignments 设置对齐  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D11')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A3')->getAlignment()->setWrapText(true);  
  
//Set column borders 设置列边框  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A10')->getBorders()->getLeft()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E10')->getBorders()->getRight()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THICK);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THICK);  
  
//Set border colors 设置边框颜色  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');  
  
//Set fills 设置填充  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');  
  
//Add a hyperlink to the sheet 添加链接  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('E26', 'www.phpexcel.net');  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('E26')->getHyperlink()->setUrl('http://www.phpexcel.net');  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('E26')->getHyperlink()->setTooltip('Navigate to website');  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E26')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);  
  
//Add a drawing to the worksheet 添加图片  
$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();  
$objDrawing->setName('Logo');  
$objDrawing->setDescription('Logo');  
$objDrawing->setPath('./images/officelogo.jpg');  
$objDrawing->setHeight(36);  
$objDrawing->setCoordinates('B15');  
$objDrawing->setOffsetX(110);  
$objDrawing->setRotation(25);  
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true);  
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45);  
$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());  
  
//Play around with inserting and removing rows and columns  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->insertNewRowBefore(6, 10);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->removeRow(6, 10);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->insertNewColumnBefore('E', 5);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->removeColumn('E', 5);  
  
//Add conditional formatting  
$objConditional1 = new PHPExcel_Style_Conditional();  
$objConditional1->setConditionType(PHPExcel_Style_Conditional::CONDITION_CELLIS);  
$objConditional1->setOperatorType(PHPExcel_Style_Conditional::OPERATOR_LESSTHAN);  
$objConditional1->setCondition('0');  
$objConditional1->getStyle()->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_RED);  
$objConditional1->getStyle()->getFont()->setBold(true);  
  
//Set autofilter 自动过滤  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setAutoFilter('A1:C9');  
  
//Hide "Phone" and "fax" column 隐藏列  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('C')->setVisible(false);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setVisible(false);  
  
//Set document security 设置文档安全  
$objPHPExcel->getSecurity()->setLockWindows(true);  
$objPHPExcel->getSecurity()->setLockStructure(true);  
$objPHPExcel->getSecurity()->setWorkbookPassword("PHPExcel");  
  
//Set sheet security 设置工作表安全  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setPassword('PHPExcel');  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true);// This should be enabled in order to enable any of the following!  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSort(true);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setInsertRows(true);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setFormatCells(true);  
  
//Calculated data 计算  
echo 'Value of B14 [=COUNT(B2:B12)]: ' . $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('B14')->getCalculatedValue() . "\r\n";  
  
//Set outline levels  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('E')->setOutlineLevel(1);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('E')->setVisible(false);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('E')->setCollapsed(true);  
  
//Freeze panes  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->freezePane('A2');  
  
//Rows to repeat at top  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getPageSetup()->setRowsToRepeatAtTopByStartAndEnd(1, 1);  
  
//Set data validation 验证输入值  
$objValidation = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('B3')->getDataValidation();  
$objValidation->setType( PHPExcel_Cell_DataValidation::TYPE_WHOLE );  
$objValidation->setErrorStyle( PHPExcel_Cell_DataValidation::STYLE_STOP );  
$objValidation->setAllowBlank(true);  
$objValidation->setShowInputMessage(true);  
$objValidation->setShowErrorMessage(true);  
$objValidation->setErrorTitle('Input error');  
$objValidation->setError('Number is not allowed!');  
$objValidation->setPromptTitle('Allowed input');  
$objValidation->setPrompt('Only numbers between 10 and 20 are allowed.');  
$objValidation->setFormula1(10);  
$objValidation->setFormula2(20);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell('B3')->setDataValidation($objValidation);  
  
//Create a new worksheet, after the default sheet 创建新的工作标签  
$objPHPExcel->createSheet();  
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(1);  
  
//Set header and footer. When no different headers for odd/even are used, odd header is assumed. 页眉页脚  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getHeaderFooter()->setOddHeader('&C&HPlease treat this document as confidential!');  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getHeaderFooter()->setOddFooter('&L&B' . $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->getTitle() . '&RPage &P of &N');  
  
//Set page orientation and size 方向大小  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getPageSetup()->setOrientation(PHPExcel_Worksheet_PageSetup::ORIENTATION_LANDSCAPE);  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getPageSetup()->setPaperSize(PHPExcel_Worksheet_PageSetup::PAPERSIZE_A4);  
  
//Rename sheet 重命名工作表标签  
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('Simple');  
  
//Set active sheet index to the first sheet, so Excel opens this as the first sheet  
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);  
  
//Save Excel 2007 file 保存  
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcel);  
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.xlsx', __FILE__));  
   
//Save Excel 5 file 保存  
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/Excel5.php');  
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel);  
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.xls', __FILE__));  
  
//1.6.2新版保存  
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/IOFactory.php');  
$objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'Excel2007');  
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.xls', __FILE__));  

读excel

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//Include class  
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Reader/Excel2007.php');  
$objReader = new PHPExcel_Reader_Excel2007;  
$objPHPExcel = $objReader->load("05featuredemo.xlsx");  

读写csv

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require_once("05featuredemo.inc.php");  
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/CSV.php');  
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Reader/CSV.php');  
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php');  
//Write to CSV format 写  
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_CSV($objPHPExcel);  
$objWriter->setDelimiter(';');  
$objWriter->setEnclosure('');  
$objWriter->setLineEnding("\r\n");  
$objWriter->setSheetIndex(0);  
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.csv', __FILE__));  
//Read from CSV format 读  
$objReader = new PHPExcel_Reader_CSV();  
$objReader->setDelimiter(';');  
$objReader->setEnclosure('');  
$objReader->setLineEnding("\r\n");  
$objReader->setSheetIndex(0);  
$objPHPExcelFromCSV = $objReader->load(str_replace('.php', '.csv', __FILE__));  
//Write to Excel2007 format  
$objWriter2007 = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcelFromCSV);  
$objWriter2007->save(str_replace('.php', '.xlsx', __FILE__));  

写html

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require_once("05featuredemo.inc.php");  
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/Writer/HTML.php');  
//Write to HTML format  
$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_HTML($objPHPExcel);  
$objWriter->setSheetIndex(0);  
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.htm', __FILE__));  

写pdf

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require_once("05featuredemo.inc.php");  
require_once('Classes/PHPExcel/IOFactory.php');  
//Write to PDF format  
$objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'PDF');  
$objWriter->setSheetIndex(0);  
$objWriter->save(str_replace('.php', '.pdf', __FILE__));  
//Echo memory peak usage  

echo date('H:i:s') . " Peak memory usage: " . (memory_get_peak_usage(true) / 1024 / 1024) . " MB\r\n";  

转载于:http://blog.csdn.net/diandian_520/article/details/7827038

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